About Indian Country Extension

Cooperative Extension in Indian Country

This term identifies Cooperative Extension work that occurs in Indian Country — on American Indian reservations, in tribal communities and tribal colleges. This nonformal, knowledge-based educational programming is grounded in the philosophy established in the Smith-Lever Act of 1914. The teaching is conducted by faculty, extension agents/educators and other associated employees of the extension organizations within land grant universities and colleges; tribal colleges and tribal governments.

“It is always a good experience to know more about the world and its people as it opens your eyes towards reality.”
John F. Canales
“Exploring the culture and understanding more about Native Americans was a delightful experience that I will always cherish.”
Amy E. Moore

Native Indian Americans Culture

The diversity through which the Native American goes by is something worth exploring as it consists of practices and methods known to highlight their understanding of life. Make sure to follow the latest news and events!


As the indigenous people of the Southeastern Woodlands, the Cherokee were once concentrated in Southwestern North Carolina. Today, they are the largest tribe in the United States.



With a long history and culture, the Apache descendants totalled around 100,000 individuals in the early 21st century. The group is culturally related to Native American tribes in the Southwestern United States. 

Pima people

Also known as “River People,” the Pima People are a group of Native Americans living in an area that consists of central and Southern Arizona.


Contemporary Issues

The acts of discrimination have never left the indigenous people, and it still continues to ruin their lives for the worse. But that alone cannot sum up their struggle as there are several other issues that continue to cause havoc. 

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American Indian Customs

Happy native american girl

There are 574 Native American Indian tribes living in the United States today. From the Apache tribe to the Cherokee tribe, passing through the Comanche tribe, the Kiowa tribe, the Potawatomi tribe, the Sioux tribe, the Paiute tribe, the Yakama tribe, the Chippewa tribe or the Houma tribe, among many others. Many of them are in synergy with the rest of the Americans, while at least half live on Indian reservations from which to preserve their ancestral cultures. These are cultures with many shared customs.

Native American Indians

As we said before, there are hundreds of North American Indian tribes. This implies that we can see very different cultures and customs among many of them. In fact, in 2008 the number of speakers of Native American languages was 373,949, divided into up to 135 different native languages! As we can see, variety is an inherent feature of North American Indian culture. A variety that faces problems of survival since many of these languages is spoken by only a few inhabitants.

Sacred drums during spiritual singing

The customs of the North American Indians

In this article, we will not discuss the specific customs of any tribe. Nor will we discuss the customs that may have survived the passage of centuries. Instead, we will focus on the customs of the Native Americans at the times when we Westerners came in contact with them. For example, the custom of naming newborns with a name provided by their grandparents. Later on, when I was growing up, I received a new name with much more significance and value. A name now forever.

Another custom of the American Indian tribes was to keep the umbilical cord of the babies. Once it was dry, it was covered by sage and aromatic herbs and was kept in a leather box and placed beside the crib to serve as an amulet. As for the marriage, the bride and groom always had to request the consent of the bride’s parents. A request that was accompanied by gifts. The marriage could be broken and both parties could remarry. The children remained with her.

Also very characteristic were the group dances, one of the customs of the American Indians that have transcended from the tribes to the rest of the world. Group dances as varied as the dance of the bison, the dance of the rain or the dance of the sun. All of them aimed at requesting things from nature itself. The same happens with the offerings and the fasts that the shamans, religious leaders of the tribes, directed. It was another way of seeking the favor of nature, with which indigenous peoples have always been very connected.

As far as the clothing customs of the Native American Indians are concerned, we have little new to add. The fact is that cinematography and photography have recorded this very well during this last century. However, it should be added that, as we pointed out earlier, each tribe is unique and has its own characteristics. Also when it comes to dressing. In general, they used to use deer and bison skins for the women’s pants and dresses. During the ceremonial acts they added feathers and more ornaments to the clothing.

American Indians today

There are currently 562 federally recognized tribal governments in the United States. These governments have the right to set their own membership requirements, to levy taxes, and to exclude people from their natural territory. However, they have the same limitations as state governments. As for Native American customs today, one that remains very much alive is the Pow-wow, a great gathering of many of the native tribes of the North American continent.

The Native Indians In America: A Brief Recollection Of Information

Native Indians In America

The native Americans, people who are also known as the indigenous Americans, are the indigenous people of the United States of America, except Hawaii and other territories in the United States. A lot of people falsely refer to the populations of American Indians are Indians. There are almost 580 federally recognised tribes which are still living within the United States of America and about half of which are associated with the Indian reservations. Native Americans are the indigenous tribes that were originally from the continental United States, plus Alaska natives of all kinds of ethnicity. The United States census does not include the native Hawaiians or the Samoans. They belong to a different category called the native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander.

The ancestors of living Native Americans actually arrived in the United States of America almost 15,000 years ago or even much earlier from Asia. A huge variety of people, societies and even cultures started developing. European colonisation of America began in 1492, and it resulted in the decline of the native American population because of diseases, ethnic cleansing, slavery and warfare as well. After the formation of the United States of America, as part of the policy of settler colonialism, they continued to wage war and perpetrated a lot of massacres against a lot of native American tribes, and they removed a lot of them from their ancestral lands.

Since the year 1960, a lot of native American salt determination movements have actually resulted in the changes to the lives of a lot of Native Americans, even though there are still some contemporary issues faced by these people. Today, there are almost 5,000,000 native Americans in the United States of America; 78% of these people live outside the reservations. Oklahoma, Arizona and California have the biggest population of Native Americans in the United States of America. Most of the native Americans actually live in rural areas or even small-town areas, away from the big cities.

When the United States of America was initially created, the established native American tribes were closely considered as some semi-independent nations, and they lived in communities, completely separate from the white settlers. The federal government even signed a lot of treaties to make sure that these people and their tribes were protected. They were being treated as domestic dependent nations, and they were subject to federal law indeed. This law also preserved the rights and privileges of the tribal sovereignty. For this very reason, a lot of Native American reservations are still independent of any state law and actions of the tribal citizens, because of these reservations and also because of the fact that they are subject only to tribal courts.

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